In this paper cross-cultural comparisons are made between Finnish and Swedish students of architecture. In these two countries despite the geographical neighbourhood, historical facts and cultural connections - the role of the architect and the resulting architecture are quite different. The aim of this paper is to clarify some of the differences and find out if there is a special national character of architects to be. Data has been collected with a questionnaire in sprr;g 1292 at University of Oulu, Department of Architecture (Finland) and Royal Institute of Technology, The School of Architecture (Sweden). The first and the fourth yeear students were chosen for this study. They answered a half-structured questionnaire developed from existing studies and including 45 different questions. The questions focussed on interest profiles and social background of students, their reasons for taking up careers as architects, their attitudes towards the role of the architect, their career expectations and architectural ideals.