This research presents a cross-cultural analysis of the symbolic use of home environments for the presentation of identity. A primary objective of this study is to examine how people perceive and use their home environments as a way of expressing their identity. A second objective is to explore the cultural variations in the symbolic use of home environments for the presentation of identity. This research combines social interactionism and cultural analysis to provide a theoretical perspective on the question of identity, culture, and the role of home environments in communicating identity. This study presents a cross-cultural analysis of the use of domestic space based on the completion of ethnographic research in four cultural groups. Four neighborhoods in Philadelphia were selected to be representative of a wide range of cultural groups. The initial phase of the study involved observation of home exteriors and informal discussions with residents. Subsequently, a structured questionnaire was used and residents were interviewed about their images, perceptions, and the changes they made in their homes. Finally, the sites were revisited to confirm the results of the study during holiday season. To summarize various ways that people differently experience and use their environment, ten measures were used as follows: Physical Characteristics (Observation) (1) Housing Characteristics (2) Housing Decoration (3) Housing Condition Perceptions of Residents (Questionnaire) (4) Satisfaction (5) Relative Importance of Home Environment (6) Preference: Variety vs. Uniformity (7) Personalization Activity (8) Viewpoints on Social Status Images of Residents (Interview) (9) Images of Home Environment (10) Most Cherished Objects in the Living Room Major conclusions of this research are: 1) home environments are used in self presentational performances and function to symbolize and display the identities. Home environments are chosen, modified, decorated, and maintained to communicate identity; 2) the four groups representing high-income, low-income, the Irish and Italians respond differently in the use of home environment. Different cultural groups differ in perceptions, interpretations, and manipulation of their home environments.