"Adam In Paradise (Paradlsus Terrestris: the realm of Man) "Man takes possession of the world in symbolic images by naming things. For this reason, Adam's first work in Paradise was to give names to animals, plants, and things. Naming a thing gives power over it. In contradistinction, Yahweh's name is unspeakable. For if His name should be uttered, He would be submitted to the will of him who knows it. The sorcerer evokes the demons of hell by calling their names..." (Ludwig von Bertalanffy, The Tree of Knowledge) Nature//Culture (Society) he unknown world of machines. Machines as the outcome of "machinery". The beneign world of Nature against the demonic "nature" of the machines] (I/you versus lilt) Man as a social and nature being Homo Faber [hands, eyes, ears: the "natural" ("biological") perception of the world] Homo (Faber) Sapiens: Homo Sapiens Sapiens [hands, eyes, ears, memory: man as a social-historical being] Human attitudes towards nature in traditional society Everyday world (society and nature) versus sacred or mythological world (Nature vs. Society). The world is either familiar (i.e. touchable, thus open to use, mediated, alienated) or far-away (mythical, thus maniputable through magic or analogical thought: God, demons and religious practices and ritualistic behaviour: the ritual mediation of the opposition: Nature//Culture or Known//unknown or here//out there... Either way, nature (and/or Nature) is inhabited, alienated; with no void at all, no chaos whatsoever: horror vacui is the driving force in traditional society. "When it thunders and lightens it is Prophet Eilah running on his chariot across the sky chasing the Dragon to kill him" (most Greek regions). Natural and social organisation of apace I Natural and social organisation of time: (ecological and structural space, ecological and structural time) The economy is ecological agricultural/pastoral production, trade (by foot or animals/or animaldriven vehicles), manufacture (opera manu: hand-made works) ...Consumption is equally smallscale, man-measured. (Changes related to the measure of production/consumption processes or to the technology used (e.g., raw materials here/elaboration and industrial production of finished products elsewhere) are marked out as peculiar, strange and dangerous or even unconveivable and totally unacceptable.] Men and the realm of nature savage vs. domesticated world (the flexibility of boundaries). Nature domesticated: animal myths and fairy-tales (anthropomorphism, zoomorphism). The domestication of nature: nature as an indispensable part of social relation (e.g., animal name-giving, place name-giving) Oikos (ecology) = nature and society (or, society in nature). The idea of Nature in traditional societies 'iou,_Ego/alterL. Nature is continuously used, and never exhausted. Nature is protected by its very relations with men (e.g. sacred places, sacred periods of time, sacred animals, sacred trees etc). Production and consuption follows the rythms of Nature. "When a tree does not produce fruit, its owner takes an axe and pretends to strike down the tree with it, saying "You either give fruit of I'll cut you". Then someone else, attending the ritual, grasps his hand pretending that he holds the owner of the tree from cutting it, and says: "Let it be! Now it will do as and what you order". This ritual enactment is called "threatening" - (from the island of Skiathos)."