"American public housing is often characterized by reference to its most extreme failures. Though the dramatic demolition in the 1970s of much of the infamous Pruitt-Igoe project in St. Louis was a clear indication of an institution gone awry, the great majority of American public housing remains intact and largely without such severe problems. Nonetheless, studies conducted during the past dozen years have determined that nearly 10% of American developments require large-scale redesign in conjunction with a reconsideration of policies regarding such things as management and the provision of social services. This paper examines the comprehensive redevelopment of one such place-South Boston's "D Street" public housing project-- an effort which may well be the most thorough attempt to confront the problems of a large public housing project yet undertaken anywhere in the United States. In examining D Street (now renamed "West Broadway" as part of its overall transformation), the paper investigates several interrelated questions of significance for housing policy and design. What can be done about a decaying stock of large-scale public housing projects, many of which have simultaneously fallen into a state of both social and physical disrepair? What is the relationship between the changes in design and the simultaneous changes in management and services? What is the best possible socio-environmental package of change? Finally, how can the redevelopment approach best help to reduce the enormous stigma that has grown up around such places? The West Broadway redevelopment strategy assumes that successful housing must involve not only accomodation for a low-income population but accomodation with the standards of the 90% of Americans who do not live in public housing. Large superbiock projects such as West Broadway were designed in a manner utterly at odds with the freely-chosen housing preferences of middle and upper-income Americans. West Broadway's redevelopment is an attempt to approximate-- as closely as possible given the constraints of scale and general disposition of massing-- the form of a middle class development, while providing many of the most desired amenities of life in a single-family house. In unit layout, in building design and in site considerations, the redesign team has attempted to move beyond mass housing towards a process and a vision that seeks to help residents become more assimilated into the mainstream of American domestic life. At the broadest level, the West Broadway renewal is a demonstration of the desirability of returning a large part of the control over the development to the residents. Though it will take a great deal to effect a shift in perspective from control of the residents to control y the residents, the paper explores several important ways that this transfer of power has begun to occur."