Landscapes are a combination of their own intrinsic qualities and the human use that reflects the care and attention that society is willing to give them. The willingness stems from the degree of social consciousness towards landscape value and the desire to forgo other possible demands. But even our most pristine areas of the globe are under pressure despite our intention to protect them. Profound changes are affecting the economic and political organization of the world as new trading blocs are formed and political affiliations realign. These changes bring hope as well as uncertainty. Greater awareness is, for example, influencing policies that are emerging to deal with environmental and climatic change. These macro level trends are manifested as continued urbanization, development and regional population increase at the local level; changes which have direct impact on the landscape. This paper examines the problems associated with coping with these trends and changes in island regions within a framework of relations that links landscape ecology and culture. These are areas of special aesthetic and scientific appeal (to name two qualities) where a unique combination of land and sea produces an islandscape. lslandscapes, in different parts of the globe, Greece, the Hebrides, the Caribbean, the Gulf Islands of the Pacific coast are a magnet for artists, poets, travellers and developers, people who are frequently regarded as interlopers. How are these regions seen and evoked and how might this contribute to the conservation of their special visual qualities? This paper reviews the characteristics of the Gulf Island region of the Pacific coast and assesses some of the changes that are having a measurable impact on it. What are the options that are possible for maintaining and perhaps enhancing the landscape? How may the views of the islands' citizens and the weekenders be incorporated into the planning procedures? What objectives and conservation methods are necessary to ensure the aesthetic quality of this islandscape will continue? An attempt to respond to these questions will be made.