"At the beginning of XX.th century, in Europe, modernism theories which refused the historical meaning of urbanism and architecture, introduced new definitions of urban form. These new definitions which are accepted as international style, have had a considerable affect in the formation of physical environment, especially in the developing countries. As a developing country in Turkey, modernism theories are accepted as absolutely correct, and all the values except the formalist method which is proposed by modernism, are neglected. This is resulted in imitating the urban structural and architectural forms imposed by modernism and urban and architectural researches are also progressed in the same direction. When the historical set lements in Turkey are examined from the point of view of modernism and attempted to define their urban structure by modern theories it is concluded incorrect or incomplete. Eventually, the necessity of reviewing the historical understanding of urbanism and architecture is realized, and new concepts originating from the history are introduced. Only after then it became possible to determine the urban structure and architecture and point out the relation between the single building and the group of buildings in the historical settlements. This metamorphosed point of view contributed to re-define the urban and architectural concepts such as "locus", "image", "type",and "environment" with an emphasize to the unique, historical facts of the settlements. Based on the previous context, the presentation will be illustrated with a case study carried out in Edirne."