The title of this paper is a quote from an Interview with one of the leaders of a Youth Housing complex in Kaliningrad near Moscow which was built In I 975,and formed the basis for a rather poular movement or housing experiment for the next 15 years In the former Soviet Union. The system of Youth Housing Complexes (YHC) has been an Increasingly popular solution for housing problems of young people in recent years. By now more than 300 YHC's exist in the large cities like Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, Alma-Ata, Arkhangelsk, etc., as well as in several cities in the Baltic states. YHC's quickly became Institutionalised under the former Young Communist League, which helped to overcome several organizational difficulties at the local level. The YHC is formed by enterprises or ministry, which provide money, and in some cases, material for construction. People are selected from the housing queue at the workplace (- usually some kind of competition Is organised at the workplaces as well, to activate the applicants). The persons who are included In the YHC get paid from their workplace, but work actually at the construction site for 1 - 11/2 years. They can be involved in the planning and design phase of their housing as well, depending on their qualifications and work experience. Usually YHC's have more jointly used spaces, sports facilities, facilities for children, etc, than ordinary housing areas in the same cities. About half of the YHC's have turned into ordinary public housing, the others continue to function as organized communities which have their own service and production enterprises, day-care centres, possibilities for sport and cultural activities for the memebers and their children, and so on. The size of YHC's varies from 6 to 6,000 families. This paper analyses the consequences of the concentration of young families (need for day-care, schools, etc) as well as the sources of conflicts with neighbouring areas. Under a grant from the Central Research and Design Institute for Dwellings in Moscow, the Environmental Psychology Research Unit at Tallinn Pedagogical Institute (1. Nit, M. Raudsepp, K.Liik) carried out a research project on the problems of YHC's in 1990-1991. It included three parts: analysis of projects presented in an All-Union competition of social programs for YHC's, a survey of YHC leaders' opinions about the successfulness of this movement, and a questionnaire survey of YHC inhabitants in four different cities in Russia (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Gatchina and Sverdlodsk). The latter explores the real housing situation of inhabitants, satisfaction with it and other aspects of their life, the structure of leisure activities, relations with neighbours, need for services, etc., as well as attitudes toward the system of YHC's, its organizational aspects, readiness of inhabitants to provide services for other members of the YHC, etc. The paper presents selected aspects from these studies and tries to evaluate the fate of the YHC's In the context of recent political and social metamorphoses.