"In 1989 the Swedish Building Code, including the fire safety provisions, was revised. The traditional codes presenting prescriptive standards were replaced by a Planning and Building Act and Regulations for New Construction. In the new code there is an increasing trend towards performance standards, meaning statements about how a building should function with respect to various criteria. The classification of activity in a building determines the designation of the building with respect to what fire regulations are applicable. Concerning residential buildings for aged persons it is a delicate matter to define to which building category they belong, to dwellings or to hospitals. They are regarded as dwellings in the code context, in spite of the fact that the residents' evacuation capability is much poorer than usually in ordinary dwellings. This has been found in a study of a sample of service flats representing a common form of dwellings for elderly people in Sweden.In 1988 the safety problem in facilities for the elderly was introduced in the Swedish Parliament. Consequently the government commisioned the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning to investigate the need for safety measures improving the safety level in those buildings.The Board's proposal, partly based on a research report from the department for Building Function Analysis contents requirement for automatic fire-alarm and compulsory inspection of fire prevention arrangements in dwellings intended especially for the elderly. In group residential housing windows are proposed not be accepted as alternative escape routes, but they will remain that in blocks of service flats. Safety measures aim to fire control by early detection and prevention of fire spreading. They also aim to protect people by safe egress and rescue provisions. The research report "Fire safety planning in care housing" is arranged according to the aim of fire protection measures related to the building process.The safety measures concern buildings where housing is combined with care of various kind. To evaluate their applicability in other types of care housing than blocks of service flats an investigation of the residents' evacuation capability in e.g. group-residential units, old age homes, has just started in Sweden. There is also a development work going on concerning a combination of warning, communication and alarm system intended for care housing. According to the investigation of the evacuation safety in blocks of service flats the possibility of horisontal evacuation is very important since nearly 50 percentage of the residents in that dwelling form can't use the stairs. To design a model of a temporary refuge for evacuation in two stages is a remaining task. The transformation of research results into improvment of the fire safety provisions is urgent. This task will include the compilation of a manual for Life safety design of residential buildings for aged persons."