The park is a typical 19th century invention. The early-industrial city, craving for an escape, applied for a non-urban atmosphere. This resulted in the invention of the public park. The lay-out of the new romantic philosophy, provided in the aged aristocratic estates in arcadic English garden style, suited incredibily well. It supplied all the symbols necessary for the urban society. The 19th century incorporation of these arcadic and pittoresc themes was so successful, that this park ideology is still one of the fundamentals of urban design; almost any new planned urban area will be filled up with greenery. At this very moment, urban designers and landscape architects are in a severe debate on the most contemporary park-design. This historical discussion which focuses on La Vilette and the new expressionism of the Barcelonese parks, marks the dying process of the pal-k. However, the revolutional change of the traditional cities into dynamic, urban districts (with many enclaves and subcentres, the colourful contrast with the underlaying landscape, the commercial provocation of cultural heritage, the blurring of boundaries between rural and urban districts) radically changes the perception towards nature, public area and parks. The socio-economic processes in this periphery connected with the already existing urban life, provide their own new symbols, (unlimited choice, movement and information, the freedom of the individual). This mass-society, this contemporary culture,. dances in euphoria, takes the'mountain slopes, the woods, the rural landscape, the beaches and the dams, the lakes and dunes. It flies to its favourite seasons and enjoys all the arcadic sensations in commercials, video-music, movies and sports. Does this urban society need a new park strategy ? The necrology of the park will be shown in an historical review, and illustrated by experiments for new strategies. - Recreation Terminal Vinkeveen (Amsterdam-Utrecht). The plan investigates the maximal provocation of a service for mass-culture in the Dutch landscape. It stems from an allergical reaction to common practice that always wants to fall back onto the remainders of historical patterns. - Landscaping Oosterscheldekering. Design and realisation of bird colonies in the Easterscheld eastuary, landscaping the remains of the works for the immense flood barrier. - Schouwburgple-in Rotterdam. Design for public space in the centre of the rebuilt city of Rotterdam. - Park Urbaine Lille. Designing a public park on top of the TGV-terminal in Lille.