The study of satisfaction with residential environment has been dealt within a lot of empirical research; nevertheless, there have been few attempts to systematize the different findings in a theoretical frame. Both in a basic and applied level, residential satisfaction has been treated from two different perspectives: A) as a dependent variable, it has been considered as a residential quality indicator and therefore, as a life quality criterion. Research oriented towards this perspective - esentially empirical research - seeks to establish which factors from the residential environment are predictors of satisfaction with such environment, attempting to guide architects and urban designers in making decisions about the planning of a new residential setting. B) Another group of works has stressed the importance of residential satisfaction as a predictor of several behaviours like residential mobility and it has been considered from this perspective as a relevant variable in the individual adjustment process to the residential environment. The aim of the present work seeks to integrate both perspectives in a systemic model of residential satisfaction, where the latter is considered from an attitudinal perspective as a positive affective state that the individual has towards his/her residential environment; such state arises as a result of a process in which several objective attributes from the environment are evaluated and this process will lead the individual to develop some behaviours destined to maintain or to raise the residential environment congruency. Through a methodology which employs multiple regression as a main technique of statistical analysis and the questionaire as an instrument of data gathering, is proved empirically the residential satisfaction model proposed.