The city is a human construct par excellence. It is founded by sedentary people who choose to cultivate a particular portion of the landscape. The location of a site for the construction of a city is meant to respond to sets of criteria which a town planner, a surveyor or a geographer would usually classify in terms of its accessibility, climate, available resources, geological conditions and perhaps other rational parameters. Nonetheless, there is abundant evidence today that the siting and the layout of a city are also considered in terms of cosmological beliefs and ideals. These beliefs and ideals have been communicated throughout history, either by written prescriptions, or orally by myths. These myths deal simultaneously with a local environment (e.g. the city) and the universe (e.g. the cosmos). In principle the former is meant to reflect the latter, and explicit relationships are identified between humanity, other forms of life and the cosmos.