Cities are seen as dynamic places which provide a wide variety of lifestyles, a great range of choices for both work and play, and a stimulating atmosphere. However, cities are also associated with crime, vandalism, deprivation, unemployment and all sorts of socio-economic problems. The economic restructuring since the 1970s has eroded the traditional manufacturing base of urban areas. Cities have suffered not only from the loss of employment but also from a rapid decrease in population. The counterurbanisation process has been evident with a tendency for population and employment growth to be concentrated in small and medium-sized towns and rural areas. However, in the 1980s, there have been suggestions of a trend towards re-urbanisation in most British cities. Statistics from the National Health Service Central Register show that the net out-migration rate of inner cities tended to be lower in the 1980s than the 1970s. This is partly related to the 'yuppie' culture as young single professionals have rediscovered the dynamics and excitement of city life. Also, the rapid increase in the number of dual career households means young couples prefer to stay in a metropolitan location to maximise the range of job opportunities available to both partners (Snaith, 1990). More importantly, the 1980s has been a decade when policy priorities have emphasised the regeneration of the social and economic fabric of declining urban areas in Britain.