"The research to be reported represents a first step in investigating the types of cognitive categorisations people use when experiencing landscapes, or more generally outdoor scenes, and whether or not the categorisation chosen is a predictor of preference. This is a significant question because, in much previous environmental perception research, the notion of "landscape" has been treated as though it was a single, coherent category. However, there is evidence that "landscape" treated in this way does not give a good account of the experience of the range of scenes often included in this type of research. Rather, it may be that landscape can be thought of as an articulated category including different kinds of cognitively definable places, and, most often, as a series of mixtures of these (Ward and Russell, 1981; Herzog, 1984, 1987; Purcell and Lamb, 1984; Falchero, Mainardi Peron, Lamb and Purcell, 1992). The questions this possibility raises concern the types of categories that can form the basis for the experience of an outdoor scene or landscape and whether or not categorising the same scene in different ways produces changes in other types of experience such as preference."