This study shows that design of neighbourhoods is related to children’s independent mobility and how they value their environment. Through complementary methods, i.e. participating observations of the environment, children (7 - 14 years old) were given the opportunity of showing their neighbourhood to me; what did they appreciate, what were they afraid of etc.? The results show differences concerning the interaction between the environment and people and the social interaction, what the environment affords and what the dwellers appreciate. The study also gives examples of what I interpret as the meaning of Place Identity and provides a platform for deeper studies about this issue.