In this study the relation between Myths of Nature and preferences for environmental risk management strategies is examined. It appeared that subscribers to the different Myths of Nature differed in their preferences for government regulation and market-oriented strategies to solve environmental problems. However, this relationship was only partially in line with Cultural Theory. The relationship between Myths of Nature and preference for behavioural solution strategy was as expected. Moreover, subscribers to the different Myths of Nature differed in the acceptability of behavioural and technological measures aimed at energy savings in traffic and transport. This relationship was more straightforward as expected.