This chapter analyses the dimensions of culture, quality of life and globalisation, placing them in their broadest psychosocial context and analysing the tensions generated by a global culture in the smaller-sized spheres of local cultures, whilst at the same time calling for a space for reflection in which the complexity of social organisation in a changing world and the transformation that this works on our lifestyles can be analysed. The study also looks at the role of psychology in interpreting the way in which culture itself constructs the framework for interpreting reality, and puts forward the need to make the existence of a global framework of interaction between cultures compatible with the necessary recognition of the idiosyncratic specificity of each culture.