A dialogue must be established comparing cities from different perspectives and in different areas. The Urban Indicators Programme (UIP) of the United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS) provides an excellent basis for comparing urban development in different cities. The UIP of UNCHS not only performs data collection, but also integrates policy assessment and strategy development. Additionally, the UIP focuses on providing national and local governments with the ability to select indicators and employ them for integrating national and local policies on urban development. Consequently, this work adopts the UIP of UNCHS as a framework to explore the sustainable development of Taipei and compare the urban development of Taipei with 237 cities included in the UIP of UNCHS. Furthermore, this work applies the Human Development Index (HDI) to compare Taipei with other cities. This paper is organized as follows. First, Section One contains an introduction outlining objectives and contents. Section Two then investigates the implications of globalization and global urban development. Next, Section Three considers the context, content, and policy implications of the UIP, as well as its relations with other cities around the world. Subsequently, Section Four adopts the UIP of UNCHS to explore the urban indicators program applied in Taipei, with needed justifications. Finally, Section Five employs the UIP of UNCHS as a framework for examining the urban development of Taipei, and compares analytical results with those for other global cities from the UIP of UNCHS, using the HDI concept. Conclusions and suggestions for future research are finally made in Section Six.