Proponents of New Urbanism have made several claims about altering individual behavior patterns by manipulating elements of the surrounding physical environment; neighborhoods with higher densities, narrower streets, greater mixes of retail and residential uses, and dedications of open space are all intended to simultaneously attack societal problems such as traffic congestion, urban sprawl, shortages of affordable housing and class segregation (Calthorpe, 1993). Recent investigations into New Urbanist claims about urban form inspiring more walking relative to driving suggest there is at least some merit to the idea (Boarnet and Greenwald, 2000; Greenwald and Boarnet, 2001; Greenwald, forthcoming). Given this inducement to walking, we turn to the idea that New Urbanist designs might be appropriate instruments in creating more manageable environments for the elderly. The first question this paper addresses is ìTo what degree is increased age associated with prevalence for living in New Urbanist style communities?î From those findings, discussion is broadened to a second issue, the impact of urban form on travel decisions made by the elderly. The datasets used in this investigation include the 1994 Household Activity and Travel Diary Survey (hereafter referred to simply as the 1994 Travel Diaries), and the Regional Land Information System (RLIS) for the Portland, Oregon region.