The purpose of this paper is to present how parents from different family conditions perceive the positive and negative contributions of their neighbourhood to the psychological well-being of their children. A neighbourhood promotes well-being if children are able to play safely, meet friends, observe and engage the world around them. Natural elements, such as vegetation, animals, water, and earth are appreciated by children, stimulating play and diminishing stress. Playgrounds encourage the development of interpersonal abilities, decision-making skills, imagination through fantasy and the ability to have fun. Unfortunately, many neighbourhoods do not meet these criteria. Traffic often restricts children from playing in their surroundings. There can be a shortage of green spaces. Playgrounds may be dangerous due to poor design or maintenance of equipment. Hostile neighbourhoods with gangs, drug abuse and traffic, as well as prostitution, vandalism, abandoned buildings, poor lighting, graffiti, or litter provoke stress and insecurity hampering activities that contribute to the development and autonomy of children. Exposure to violence in the community is associated with depression, anxiety, aggressive or anti-social behaviour as well as poor academic performance. During the course of a structured interview about children's well-being, 446 parents of children between 8 and 17 years of age, from four distinct samples were invited to talk about the positive and negative contributions of their neighbourhood to their children's psychological well-being. A total of 140 parents living in an affluent neighbourhood, 153 parents from the inner-city, 53 mothers of diabetic children and 100 parents of deaf children were individually interviewed. The responses were transcribed verbatim, without identification, into a database, and then broken down into distinct units of information that were content analysed using a response coding grid. Positive aspects that were identified as most important were: proximity of resources in the neighbourhood, presence of other children, conviviality, environmental amenities, and safety. Proximity of resources was particularly appreciated by respondents for the availability of activities and playgrounds providing pleasure, stimulating children's creativity, and offering opportunities to experience success, thus leading to the development of a positive self-image. The presence of other children contributes to developing social competence, having fun and giving the child different opportunities. Conviviality was described by the parents from a child-friendliness perspective, reflecting the quality of relationships which provides support for the child. Many parents mentioned environmental amenities such as trees, green spaces, or a river, as well as safety in encouraging children to explore the neighbourhood without worrying about traffic or encounters with potentially dangerous persons. Interestingly, parents were not very critical about the aspects of their neighbourhood that could hinder their children's well-being; their main concerns dealt with safety issues and lack of conviviality. Based on the perceptions shared by parents, a picture of what constitutes a neighbourhood sustaining children's well-being is presented, highlighting the specific perspectives of parents from the different neighbourhoods. For example, safety issues (related to drugs, alcohol, and prostitution) were underlined mostly by parents from the inner-city. Conversely, environmental amenities were particularly valued by parents living in an affluent neighbourhood. Parents having a diabetic or a deaf child were concerned about neighbours being informed about their child's condition in order to prevent or alleviate a problem should parents not be around. The perceptions of parents pertaining to positive influences of the neighbourhood coincide in general with those shared by researchers. However parents seem to overlook negative aspects. Parents may fail to acknowledge them because of their inability to move to what they would consider a more appropriate environment. Parents may also be unconscious of the impact of the physical and social environment. In line with positive psychology, results are discussed in terms of improving communities through citizen participation and families' empowerment.