The paper explores the relationship between different spatio-physical characteristics of the city and resident perception, attitudes and uses of it. Specifically, the natural features of the urban environment, such as its green areas, were focused on. The relations among a) attitudes towards urban green spaces, b) frequency of use of urban and peri-urban green areas, c) perceived residential quality, d) neighbourhood attachment, e) general pro-environmental behaviours, f) environmental concern and d) environmental value orientations were explored through a field study in the city of Rome. A paper-and-pencil questionnaire was administered to 500 residents of different neighbourhoods of Rome. These varied for both their a) amount and b) quality of green spaces available. The questionnaire comprised different Likert scales measuring:-Attitudes towards urban green spaces (adapted from Carrus et al., 2003);-Frequency of use of green areas inside and outside the city (taken from Carrus et al., 2003);-Perceived residential quality (indicators taken from Bonaiuto et al., 1999);-Neighbourhood attachment (Bonaiuto et al., 1999);-General ecological behaviour (adapted from Kaiser, 1998);-General environmental concern (Dunlap et al.’s 2000 revised NEP scale and Gagnon-Thompson & Barton’s 1994 ecocentrism/anthropocentrism scale);-Environmental value orientation (items taken from Stern et al., 1995):Preliminary analyses, aimed at assessing the properties of various measuring instruments widely used in the environmental psychological literature, confirm the predicted structural properties (dimensionality, internal consistency, concurrent validity) of the scales used, as well as their adaptability to the Italian context. Further analyses, which are currently being undertaken, will use hierarchical regressions and/or structural equation modelling (SEM) in order to specify and test different possible causal paths among the variables considered. Both theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.