"Due to the high value of the landscape as an important resource of the mountainous regions, in particular regarding tourism, society is called upon to consciously steer the future development of such landscapes. Thus, it needs to be established what is expected from the (Alpine) landscape and what qualities it should have. However, the objectives and expectations of the general public are not yet sufficiently well known as to serve as a reliable basis for concrete landscape management strategies. A first main goal of our study is to fill this gap and to investigate the objectives of different parts of the (Swiss) population regarding the Alpine landscape and its development. In this context, the driving forces of the objectives and preferences are investigated as well as the reasons of conflicts of objectives. Special emphasis is given to the analysis of the role of the perceived quality of the everyday landscape of the urban areas as a predictor for landscape objectives and preferences. As the "landscape-objectives" of different groups may be diverging, a second main goal is to develop, apply and evaluate suitable methods to foster consensus building regarding these objectives. Therefore, the influences of contextual and procedural factors on acceptance, handling and success as well as the outcome-effect of such procedure are investigated. The project consists of three parts with different methodical approaches: (1) In the inductive part analysis of qualitative data, collected by problem-centred interviews with representatives of different groupings, reveal deep insights into the (different) landscape objectives and their (socio-cultural) driving forces. Furthermore, the conflicts resulting from diverging landscape objectives can be recognised, and consensus criteria established.(2) The deductive part primarily provides representative quantitative data regarding landscape objectives and their (socio-psychological) driving forces. To this end, representative samples of different strata of the Swiss population, as well as of the tourists and residents of two investigation areas, are surveyed by standardised questionnaires (with visualised scenarios of future landscape development in the Alps).(3) In the quasi-experimental part consensus-building procedures are applied. The conduction of these procedures are understood as an intervention-experiment that is evaluated empirically. Procedural aspects are evaluated by process observation, the effect is measured by a survey before and after the intervention. The main results of the three research parts will be presented at the conference. Thereby, special emphasis will be given to the results of the statistical evaluation of an integrative theoretical preference model, which has been developed to comprehensively explain public assessments of future landscape developments by basic driving forces. This model combines two groups of approaches: (1) concepts of the so-called „biological perspective“ (Bourassa 1991) such as Kaplan & Kaplan’s (1989) information-processing theory or the attention-restoration theory (e.g. Kaplan & Kaplan, 1989; Hartig et al., 1997) and (2) concepts of the "social perspective“, including place-attachment (e.g. Altman & Low, 1992; Korpela et al. 2001), place-identity (e.g. Breakwell, 1986; Twigger-Ross & Uzzell, 1996), familiarity (e.g. Hammit, 1981), time orientation (Stokols & Jacoby, 1984), political, ecological and economical interests (e.g. van den Berg 1998; Hunziker 1995). It will not only be shown, which factors have greatest influence on landscape preferences and objectives, but also which factors are suggested by the statistical analyses to represent general, underlying driving forces of (bundles of) preference predictors. Finally, possible applications of the findings in landscape planning and design are discussed."