The purpose of the research project is to assess how the new Development Control Code, 1995 is applied and followed in low income residential areas with particular regards to its relaxed capacity. On the Code, the relaxed capacity means relaxing minimum requirements of setbacks on the merit of each case. One of the main focuses is on female-headed households and their opportunities to carry out small business that is called informal economy on their plots. The research method for the project is planned to be fourfold: firstly, entailing literature review on gender issues, theory of justice, good governance as base for theoretical framework; secondly, multiple case study - The fieldwork will comprise a comparison between two low-income housing areas where the implementation of the planning code is expected to be principally different. The methods will comprise analysis of official policy and planning documents; key person interviews with local and central government officials, local community leaders etc.; so called expert assessments of spatial qualities such as accessibility, shaded spaces, cross ventilation and other climatic qualities; observations of use of space, and interviews-in-depth with households of different demographic, educational and class composition, and experience of building construction- thirdly, following a case; fourthly comparison with Northern African perspective is also proposed. It is hoped that the findings of the research will be of direct use to supporting the basis for UN Habitat's enabling human settlement strategy which is aimed at favouring the disadvantaged majority. Furthermore, it is expected that the mode of evaluating planning regulations in this study could be used as a tool in other rapidly urbanising low-income countries. The research is expected to contribute to a deeper knowledge on the enabling approach to low-income housing and to the problems of implementing planning legislation in a situation of rapid urbanisation.