As is true for any energy source, successful implementation of biomass, such as manure and grown crops, depends on public acceptance. Research by Hübner and Meijnders (2004) suggests that neighbours of power plants prefer other types of biomass than do electricity consumers. Two scenario studies were conducted to increase our understanding of these preference patterns. Based on temporal construal level theory (Trope & Lieberman, 2003) distance to the electricity production process was hypothesized to be a key determinant of preferences. The aim of the first study (N=131) was to replicate the preference patterns found for real neighbours and consumers by making use of written scenarios. Half of the participants were presented with a ‘near by’ scenario, explaining that a power plant would be built soon in their neighbourhood, and half of them read a ‘far away’ scenario, explaining that a power plant would be built in the future and far away. All participants were asked to indicate their preference for different types of biomass to be used in the plant. In support of the external validity of scenario studies, the ‘near by’ scenario elicited a pattern of preferences comparable to the pattern of the neighbours, and the ‘far away’ scenario elicited a preference pattern comparable to that of the consumers. In a second study (N=98), temporal and physical distance to the hypothetical power plant were manipulated independently. Physical (but not temporal) distance was found to influence preferences, and in addition we found evidence of influences on involvement, perceived risk and perceived personal consequences. The results of the scenario studies suggest that distance to the production process plays an important role in shaping preferences for different types of biomass. To talk about public acceptance of biomass is therefore too general. For successful implementation of biomass in society, a distinction should be made between users of the end product, the electricity consumers, and the persons who are confronted with the production process, the neighbours. The perspectives of both consumers and future neighbours of power plants should be considered in order to match the technological possibilities with the acceptance of these sources.