The objective of this paper is to analyze way finding as part of well being in residential environments. It is explored the existence of way finding problems in social housing in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, the importance of way finding, and the relationship between way finding and signage, layout configuration, and the existence of landmarks. Twelve housing estates characterized by typical Brazilian social housing types, namely, houses, terraced houses and four storey blocks of flats were selected. The communal open spaces of estates constituted by blocks of flats tended to be illegally occupied, mainly, by garages. Background literature: Way finding has become an important area of focus within environment-behavior research and implies knowledge about where one is and how to make one's way from an origin to a destination. Way finding involves cognition to identify formal and symbolic attributes, locations, and direct sequential movement based on these aspects. Hence, the interaction of people and the environment is a key aspect in way finding. There is a need to understand this interaction concerning way finding in the context of Brazilian social housing. Methodology: As data gathering methods were used questionnaires, applied to 374 respondents in these housing estates, structured interviews, physical measurements and mental maps, apart from layouts of the housing estates and maps of the regions where the estates were located. Data was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively through non-parametric statistics. Two housing estates characterized by four storey blocks of flats were further analyzed, through software Axman 4, considering the configuration measure of integration of axial lines representing pedestrian and vehicular routes. Findings and Conclusions: Results show that way finding in many estates is made more difficult by low legibility, as a consequence of the great number of repetitive units, inexistence of landmarks, and unclear layout configuration. This was as a consequence of illegal occupation of communal open spaces by garages in the estates characterized by four storey of block of flats. Signage as represented by lack of identification of inner streets, missing buildings numbering, no standardization of houses numbering, and division of the estate in categories such as sectors and sub-sectors, negatively affected way finding. These appear to be important aspects related to way finding and to be considered in the design and implementation of residential environments, as part of well being of users. Applicability to the field and work to be done next: Additionally, the fact that mental maps were mainly based on system of streets and on practical meaning, suggests that these findings may have wider implications for the urban environment, what reinforces its applicability to the field. A work to be done next is the further exploration of wayfinding through virtual environments, by testing the effects of related aspects.