In this proposal, I would argue that the Chinese garden is an eco-sensitive architecture that much can be learned from it in the design of sustainable environments of the future. Discussions will follow these four parameters:Human Comfort and Health: The Chinese garden in essence is a “house + garden” entity where the owner and family enjoyed the comfort and privacy in this microcosmic world of their own. Literary narratives of such a good life are abundant and will be freely quoted. A documentary research into the lives of some of the well-known garden owners will be undertaken. Preliminary studies show that not only did these owners/families live a happy life but also enjoyed relative longevity and productivity in arts and literature. Design with Nature: A noted scholar once commented that “the Japanese garden imitates Nature while the Chinese garden IS Nature.” This assertion will lead to a discussion of the difference between the two, and, more importantly, how Nature is ubiquitously “used” in the design of a Chinese garden The two primary elements in a Chinese garden are rocks and water. The rock (often referred to as the “artificial mountain”) forms the skeleton of the eco-system while the water (in the form of a pond or lake) permeates throughout the system as the blood of a living organism. The Chinese garden honors and follows Nature’s way of shaping the land. Straight lines and symmetry are rarely found in the garden. Siting and Orientation: To a large extent, Feng Shui principles played an important role at this important stage of design. As architecture is a major constituent part of the garden, important buildings (such as the Main Hall, or “living room”) were placed in the north facing south. This golden rule of a Feng Shui orientation coincides with the climatic design principles of sustainable and ecological design in today’s world. Conservation, Urbanization and Economy: Aside from its initial construction cost, the Chinese garden required minimal maintenance in both labor and materials. There was no need to regularly prune the plants, rake the fallen leaves, or to clean out the ponds where ecological energies will take its own course and performs Nature’s cycles. For residential buildings, there was no heating and air-condition bills to speak of, nor any expenditure in electricity, natural gas and water/sewage. Pollution, as a result, was never heard of. Over all, a Chinese garden is a natural product of a passive solar design in modern terms. Although walled in as a little private “paradise on earth,” these gardens dotted the urban cores of traditional Chinese cities and contributed greatly in the green-space management of those otherwise high- density human settlements. A conclusion will summarize the core design principles of Chinese gardens as a viable approach to sustainable environmental design.