Aims & Objectives: This study aims at exploring people’s changes of environmental orientation and behavior after they move to another country. Relocation and immigration have not been widely discussed in conjunction to environmental issues in existing literature. Using New York City’s recycling program as a case study, this research hopes to: (1) enrich psychological understandings of recycling issues in more dynamic ways, and (2) inform environmental policy-makers of being keen to the global trends of immigration. Context & background literature: Adopting the framework of ecological psychology, the author situates the participants in their everyday environments. Expanding Gibson’s affordances theory, the author investigated the opportunities that the environment provides for recycling. People’s environmental consciousness, ecological identity (Thomashow, 1995) were also investigate to understand their conceptualizations and practices of recycling. Previous living and traveling experiences regarding the formation of environmental orientation were discussed. Method of inquiry or argument: Multi-method qualitative approaches were adopted in this study, including observation, archival research, and semi-structured interviews. Observations and archival studies were used to establish the basic understanding of New York City’s recycling program, in both residential and public areas. Interviewees were mostly immigrants; however, some American-born participants were served as contrast group. Interviews were conducted in participants’ living spaces in order to facilitate the demonstration of their everyday recycling scenarios. Interview topics included general recycling behavior; recycle in different place, at different time of their lives, and NYC’s recycling policy changes. All interviews were transcribed and content-analyzed. Findings & Conclusions: Main findings of this research includes: (1) personal past environmental experiences and education played an important role in shaping people’s conceptualization of recycling, and it can be both positive and negative influences; (2) people recycle differently in their homes as opposed to work places and/or public places; (3) Spatial elements, such as sizes of the apartment or kitchen, were often connected to their desirability of extensive recycling; (4) immigrants often contrast different cultures of recycling: in United States vs. in their home country. To conclude: qualitative inquiry of recycling and ecological psychology perspective provides a more dynamic view of people’s conceptualizations practices of recycling.