The general deterioration of urban spaces in Cairo – high density, street traffic congestion, air and sound pollution, heterogeneous building heights and styles, all forms of trespassing - the decrease in services performance (Abdel-Hadi, A.; 1992), and the very low ratio per person of green and open space (40cm2/pers.) (Serageldin, M.; 1990), were the centrifugal forces that drove away some residents to suburban new areas around the Capital.The expansion of gated communities in Egypt began in the 1980s with Egypt’s transition to capitalism. Villages were constructed along the beaches of the northwestern coast (Meyer, G.; 2000). Since mid-1990s, similar developments proliferated around Cairo where luxurious settlements surrounded by high walls sprang in about 63 projects annexed to the satellite cities of El-Shorouk, Al- Obour, Al- Kahira- Al- Gadida, Alex.-Cairo desert road, El- Sheikh Zayed and October City (Mostafa, O.; 2004).The study is an appraisal of - El Mohandesseen- a district in Giza west of Greater Cairo, and the affluence of its residents to the gated communities of El-Sheikh Zayed further to the west on a desert land. The objectives were to highlight the reasons behind this move, and to further investigate the present situation within those gated communities at the urban, architectural, economic and social levels, and define the related positive and negative aspects.The method used for data gathering was based on the urban and architectural designs obtained from the owner company of each project; on participant observation and photographs from the field. A structured interview of the residents of two GCs: El-Rabwa (villas), Zayed 2000 (villas and apartments) was exploratory in nature (30 in each GC).The results proved that there were some similarities in design at the urban level which was environment friendly, the architecture did not reflect local heritage and appropriateness to desert areas. At the economic level, it was successful in providing employment opportunities, about 40 crafts related to building activity were revived, but at the same time, a vast capital was invested to serve 3.5% of the Egyptian population. At the social level, the residents’ satisfaction stemmed from their rather limited participation in the modification of their architectural interiors, and the new, healthy, quiet and safe environment they now live in, and mainly the beauty of the extended green areas. However, there was always the raised question about: ‘what will happen when these communities get older?’ This question addresses directly the issue of sustainability. The study needs to be further investigated using POE, and focusing on the opinions of all parties involved including residents outside the gates in the surrounding neighborhood with the objective of finding a kind of integration of the other socio-economic levels with a good provision of services and maintain an adequate population density in the area.