There is an ongoing controversy over the extent to which large conservation organizations and big business are collaborating in conservation programs in ways that are oblivious about and harmful to the interests and livelihoods of rural communities. The paper examines the similarities between development and conservation practices in an important domain: the treatment offered to those, who “stand in the way” of development and conservation projects. The paper argues that conservation-induced displacement is not very different from development-induced displacement, if one analyses it from the perspective of the affected people. Yet the contrast between policy frameworks in the two domains is huge. The criteria of social justice are bent toward favoring what is seen as “just” from an one-sided “conservation justice” viewpoint. Based on a comparison of documented social costs, operational practices on the ground, and actual outcomes in these two types of displacements, the author voices an urgent need to harmonize standards and further enforce the introduction of social safeguards.