Egypt is an African / Asian / Mediterranean country. It occupies an area of about one million Km2, between Lat. 22º and 32_N and Long 25_ and 35_ E. It is bordered on the North by the Mediterranean Sea, on the South by the Republic of Sudan, on the West by Libya, and on the East by Palestine, Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Geographically, Egypt can be distinguished into four main geographic regions; Nile Valley & Delta, Sinai Peninsula, Eastern Desert and Western Desert. In terms of Aridity Index, 86% of the total area of Egypt is classified as hyper-arid and the remaining as arid.Egypt has been an active member in the United Nation Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) since 1996 The National Action Program (NAP) to combat desertification has been conceived and submitted to UNCCD secretariat in 2005. Since the ecosystem in each agro-ecological zone is significantly different, the desertification causes, processes and their impacts are accordingly variable. Therefore, the National Action Program (NAP) to combat desertification in Egypt has been tailored to meet the specific desertification challenges of each agro-ecological zone including markers and indicators, monitoring and assessment, capacity building and awareness, stakeholder's participatory, legal framework and legislations and socio-economic impacts. The main causes of desertification in Egypt are focused in the demographic pressure, water shortage, poor water management, unsustainable agricultural practices, biodiversity loss, and intensive cultivation in rain-fed areas. However, desertification processes include urbanization, salinization, pollution, soil fertility depletion, water erosion, genetic erosion and sand encroachment. There are five areas characterized by serious coverage of sand dune encroachment; west of the Nile Delta (255 km2), Fayoum and Wadi El-Rayan depression (480 km2), Southwest El-Minya governorate (350km2), Al Kharga Oasis ( 400 km2) and Northwestern High Dam lake (800 km2.). Rangelands of Egypt have been subjected to desertification process due to mismanagement practices such as intensive cultivation of barley and wheat and horticultural crops in rain fed areas, drought, overgrazing and lack of policies. However, about 45% of the total rangelands areas are severely degraded and could be described as very poor, ranges, 35% as fair, 15% as good and 5% as excellent ranges. A recent report indicated that in most areas of western coastal zone and, north Sinai, forage production had declined by 50-60% in less than 30 years and about 40-50% of the plant cover has been lost. (NAP, 2005).This paper will shed light on desertification status in Siwa, North costal area and southern Egypt.