Aim: To analyze wide-spread values and virtues as relating to dimensions of sustainable development in different cultural traditions.Context: The idea of sustainable development contains multidimensionality -environment, economy and the social sphere are the most commonly considered dimensions, to which individual development and flourishing may be added. Sustainability reflects a holistic conception of well-being: the aim of sustainability is to achieve human, social and ecological well-being together (systemic health). We proceed from an integrative model of psychological barriers and supports to sustainability at different levels of regulation: 1) level of socio-cultural regulation - exposure to specific social suggestions (cultural models, values, social axioms, etc.), 2) group level regulation (group identity, group norms and representations), 3) individual level regulation (individual dispositions and beliefs concerning self and the environment) and 4) contextual regulation (activity settings). Unsustainability has both cultural and socio-psychological causes (Bateson). Pro-environmental attitudes are only part of holistic sustainable frame of mind, which entails also certain beliefs concerning the society, interpersonal relations and the self. On the individual level there are models which relate certain psychological dispositions and beliefs about oneself and about the world to specific effects on physical health (e.g. Kreitler), psychological well-being (e.g. Diener, Veenhooven, Seligman, Haidt) or pro-environmental attitudes (e.g. Geller). On the socio-cultural level certain values and virtues (which may originate from various religious traditions) provide cultural support or barriers to beliefs and behaviors leading to sustainability (e.g. Bateson on hubris). Method and findings: Analysis of wide-spread values and virtues as relating to ecological, social, psychological and spiritual sustainability in different cultural (religious) traditions. Extracted consensual elements are considered as core virtues of sustainability. Firstly, a combination of agentic virtues (e.g. self-control) with self-transcendent virtues (e.g. humility) seem to promote sustainability in the widest sense. Secondly, a dynamic harmony between the extreme qualities seems to be a psychological precondition for sustainability. The model is illustrated with data that is extracted from two representative surveys (N= 400 and N=1000) and selected post-survey interviews. Core virtues of sustainability (operationalized in the surveys with the help of Schwartz SVS) were systematically associated with indices of environment friendliness, social trust and psychological well-being.Conclusions: A set of values and virtues that overlap cross-culturally and are beneficial both to human well-being and to the environment have been identified. Psychological mechanisms of flexible application of these core virtues in various environmental conditions deserve further analysis.