Psychological processes at the individual, interpersonal, group and collective level play a relevant role in affecting environmental “Global Changes” occurring in our biosphere (Pawlik, 1991; Levy-Leboyer et al.1996). The psychological dimension of global environmental changes should be studied at a local or place-specific level of people’s daily life (see Bonnes & Bonaiuto, 2002; Moser et al., 2002), in order to address the issue of “Sustainable Development” and “sustainability”, as it has been increasingly stressed by the more recent developments of environmental psychological research (see Bechtel & Churchmann, 2002; Bonnes & Bonaiuto, 2002; Moser et al., 2002; Winter, 2000). There has been a parallel development in geography (see Swyngedouw, 1999). Among the various global changes related to human activities, one of the main priorities in the current environmental agenda (both for bio-physical and human-social science) is represented by the human use and attitudes towards fresh water resources. The purpose of this research, Funded by ICSU (International Council for Scientific Unions) Grants Programme 2004 and IUPSYs (International Union of Psychological Science), is to study the social psychological processes and factors (at the individual, interpersonal, group and collective level) orienting people’s perception and behaviours towards the use of fresh water resources, according to different geographical, social and cultural local contexts across and within countries. This international research aims at addressing the social psychological and cross-cultural aspects related to the use and conservation of fresh water resources by focusing on the specific similarities/differences as well as on intra-national peculiarities of differently developed countries.The research consists of different field studies, conducted within a comparative framework in Italy, France, India and Mexico. Data include people’s perception and behaviours in specific cases/situations of water scarcity, deficient supply and/or water restrictions (permanent, periodic, or accidental) across different physical-geographical, socio-cultural, and situational conditions, and thus accounts on the incidence of specific intra-national peculiarities of differently developed countries. The various analyses presented by the five papers of this symposium permit to identify the main individual, social and environmental factors promoting or hampering the “sustainable” consumption of fresh water resources and identify the regional or social variations existing within single countries, according to a context-based and place-specific approach. The results are meant to be shared among policy institutions and decision makers and among the general public, which should be useful for promoting a more sustainable consumption of fresh water resources among individuals and communities.Participants:• Gabriel Moser Consumption, Sources and Quality of Water in Four Different Countries. • Giuseppe Carrus & Jai Sinha Water as a Resource and Environmental Problems. • Mirilia Bonnes, Paola Passafaro & Giuseppe Carrus Attitudes Towards Water and Saving Water. • Victor Corral Environmental Worldviews and Water Conservation: The Eco-anthropocentric Paradigm• Laure Barthélémy & Yannick Savina Perceptions and Behaviours Towards Water Use in France• David Uzzell A Co-orientational Approach to Understanding Perceptions of Water Scarcity in Bhopal, India • Fatma El-GoharyWater Quality Management in Egypt: Existing Situation and Future Perspective