Environmental attitudes and behaviours are two basic indicators of the way people interact with their proximal environments. These indicators have become to be very important for detecting social concern about environmental problems and for designing policies based on the principle of sustainability. On of the most important limitations of this approach is the little importance given to socio-structural variables in theoretical models. As a result of this, evaluation instruments have been more concerned about the evaluation of environmental attitudes as a result of internal processes and less as an interactive process between the individual and those stages where the environmental behaviour is implemented. With the aim of overcome those limitations, the present work introduce the “Environmental Behaviour Scale” that considers not only the more pure psychological variables of the environmental attitude but also some socio-structural factors and socialization experiences through people forming their environmental values, attitudes, beliefs, habits and behaviours. This scale includes five parts: environmental attitudes, orientation toward lifestyles, general environmental concern, socio-demographics, and finally and beliefs about behaviour consequences. The scale has been applied to both rural-urban samples at the Community of Madrid (n= 840). Results show statistical differences between places of residence. Also it has been detected that different orientation toward lifestyles are related in different ways to environmental attitudes.