We compared place attachment and place identity differentiated according to birthplace and length of residence. The results revealed differences between intensity of attachment and identity depending on place of origin. A second study revealed that for subjects with less time living in the neighbourhood, attachment is significantly superior to identity, whereas for participants with more time in the neighbourhood, these differences disappear, in such way that identity is significantly superior to attachment. The last analysis is aimed at examining the influence of neighbourhood environmental conditions on bonds with the neighbourhood. Participants’ answers to a questionnaire were analyzed by two path analysis in which the predictors were neighbourhood stressors, neighbourhood maintenance; dependent variables were attachment and identity. Results show that stressor factors influence neighbourhood attachment but not identity of place.