The Impact of Azhar Park Development on the Urban Rehabilitation in al-Darb al-Ahmar Community in Cairo Dr. Salwa Mostafa Shehata, Assistant Professor, Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering, Al- Menoufia University. Content of Abstract: Cairo used to be a city of parks and gardens. In the past decades, demographic pressures, technological progress and urban development have introduced massive changes in the townscape of the rapidly growing metropolis. Planners found it difficult to keep pace with this rapid transformation, and land being one of the scarcest resources of Egypt, many orchards, gardens and green spaces have been sacrificed under the pressures of rapid urban development. Today, Cairo is one of the most densely built agglomerations of the Middle East. The creation of the Azhar Park should be interpreted as a symbol of hope as it involves the visual rediscovery of Cairo. Into the framework of this general policy of urban enhancement and beautification, the park acquires a very special significance due to Its sponsorship, to its location, to its design and to the positive change it has generated in this part of historic Cairo. The research aim is to illustrate that a park in that location should not only be conceived as an environmental improvement, as a space for leisure, but also, and more importantly, as a catalyst for the social and cultural development of the community. Also, it's major impact to revitalize the heart of the medieval city, improving the quality of life of its residents and bringing new economic activities to the area. The research methodology will make use of qualitative analyses through field survey studies to assess and analysis the positive impacts of this experiment on the quality of life and residents, and will aided with comparative studies. The detailed conclusion drawn from such studies will be integrated into normal planning procedures. Key words: Landscape – urban rehabilitation – historic Cairo – upgrading of environment – quality of life.