Stress-related illnesses and health costs are increasing in modern societies. Nearby outdoor recreation areas are important for recreation, but little is known about their actual use and the role they play in recovery from different forms of work-related strains. This study aims to answer the question of whether the type of strain – that is cognitive, emotional, or physical - is related to different uses of nearby outdoor recreation areas. The city of Frauenfeld (22 000 inhabitants), situated in its peri-urban planning region “Regio Frauenfeld” in the East of Switzerland, was chosen as the case study area. From Frauenfeld, 656 inhabitants (53% women) with an average age of 48 years returned a postal questionnaire on mental fatigue, emotional exhaustion, physical fatigue, and on their nearby outdoor recreation behaviour on workdays. Multivariate regression analysis showed that cognitive, emotional, and physical strains correspond to different nearby outdoor recreation behaviours. Thus, nearby nature is used with heterogeneous coping strategies to recover from work related strains.