This piece of work intends to develop the fear of crime analysis and research tradition, by incorporating two important contributions. Firstly, it proposes an integrated structural model of fear of crime, which has been elaborated after exhaustive literature review. Secondly: this integrated model incorporates different variables linked to urban social identity and residential satisfaction, in order to understand its effect on personnel perceived insecurity. The model explains 41% of total variance in the perceived insecurity scale and states that previous experiences, personal profile and social representation of spaces become key variables to understand the emergence of insecurity feelings. This social representation of space is directly influenced by different social and environmental dimensions, such as perceived environmental quality, regular uses of the space, level of surveillance and social control, and, especially, urban social identity and residential satisfaction levels.