Looking at the satellite image of Europe at night we can have the perception not only of light pollution, but also of European urban sprawl. This sort of quick look about landscape organization leads to a series of research questions to investigate the level of social justice behind urban sprawl. Starting from the European Landscape Convention, the present paper aims to explore the relationships between population and landscape. The ELC brings in the European debate about landscape the issues of social justice, participation and “total landscape stewardship”; the reasons of this participative option are rooted in the Aarhus Convention (1998) (explicitely quoted in the preamble of ELC). To deal with these issues the paper develop the concept of “democratic landscape” from a social and territorial point of view, as a key for a deeper way of reading the relationships between population and landscape. Democratic landscape is the result of inclusive decision making, but it also means a way of living landscape avoiding aristocratic preservation of limited selected sites opposed to degrading exploitation of the major part of landscape. In-between the limitcases of “exhibited” and “abused” landscape, “lived” landscape arises from the interface of: a landscape that is in every place and in every daily life context, not only exceptional ones; a landscape that belongs to all people, not only to élites or landscape experts; a landscape that changes due to both regulated and selfregulated processes. Participation in decision making processes as well as a high shared awareness of landscape values seem to be necessary steps, in order to transform “lived” landscape into an authentic democratic landscape, expression of territorial justice. The theoretical approach of the paper interfaces the case study of Veneto region in Italy, typical area of urban sprawl. The paper questions the configuration of power behind the tacit pact transforming the Venetian landscape in the last decades, to explore the relationships between landscape diversity and territorial justice.