There has been a worldwide growth in wind farm implementations which, globally speaking, carry a positive social image, but locally may cause popular rejection. The history of wind energy in Brazil is quite recent – the first large size wind farm (Parque Eólico de Rio do Fogo or PERF) dates from 2006 and is located on the North-Eastern Atlantic coast, next to a beach village characterized by low income uneducated population and lack of job opportunities. The purpose of our study was to analyze the social environmental impact of PERF upon the neighbouring community. In the first part of the study, 5 children were offered cameras and instructed to photograph 6 places they liked the most and 6 places they liked the least in their community. In the second part, 32 resident adults of the neighbouring settlement were interviewed as well as other relevant people, such as members of the municipal government and the construction company. The 5 children had a positive image of PERF, since they all photographed it and ranked it either first or second among the most liked places. Even though adults also see PERF with a positive image, they state that most benefits to the community took place during the construction phase, when a great number of direct and indirect job opportunities was generated. Nowadays, locals have little contact with PERF. Residents with higher levels of education point out that PERF could have provided permanent benefits to the village, since it is an underprivileged population with lack of basic services, such as health and education. PERF could also play the role of an agent of environment caring practice. We could not find any explicit sign of rejection towards PERF. This may be due to low levels of education of local residents; but the experience accumulated by planners and builders about other people's opposition to wind farms may also have played an important role, for they have been careful in that regard throughout the process. Even so, residents did not participate in the decision making process concerning PERF. Given the recent wind farm history in Brazil, these results ought to be taken cautiously, and additional studies must verify similarities and variations in the way Brazilian communities react to this renewable source of energy.