“Caipira” Roots composes a social laboratory developed by the Psychology Laboratory of Social Environment and Intervention (LAPSI) of São Paulo University’s Psychology Institute. Its proposal is to provoke a continuous educative process for a municipal Master Plan elaboration and its management by the community. Cunha, SP, a small sized city located in São Paulo State, takes part in the social and economic structural framework of the region which has revealed problems either for the small sized cities or for its bigger urban centers. The incorporation of land to the eucalypt agroindustry has become in a new land expulsion factor of families who have been tied to the rural way of living dynamic. This social laboratory aimed to create experiential methodologies possible to be developed and rethought to the region. This laboratory was set in the rural school net of Campos Novos de Cunha district, disseminating this reality reading process in a neighborhood scale, reaching the students’ and their relatives’ homes. The collected data mosaic formed the base for the creation of scale models of living and desired territory, highlighting the affective dimensions of daily routine and the physical conditions related to the market and land use, the forms of work production and survival. By means of group dynamics, the residents met each other and could exchange experiences about their reality vision, their problems and the perspectives of building a future for Campos Novos. The community chose a theme as the one with bigger consensus degree and of its actual interest so that it could unite the existing energies to start its accomplishment with their own community forces and resources aiming to act in the public sphere. Health was the chosen theme to start the process of participative planning although others ideas have emerged as essential to have good health such as reestablish the social link net that was very rich in the rural way of living in the past, to give prior attention to the children, to value the knowledge of the rural world, to search for the healthy way of getting drinkable water from the sources, preserving and protecting them; to take care of the sanitary aspects etc. By the moment of the second community forum, the teachers started leading the process of conducting the works of participative planning together with the collectivity to build a perspective of future for this and for the future generations aiming the political emancipation.