Demographic change and regional disparities have led to a decline in urban population in many cities throughout Europe. Taking Eastern Germany as an example the poster discusses main problems resulting from this trend as well as strategies to deal with it. It presents research results from various projects that have dealt with shrinking cities at the UFZ in the last couple of years. Main points to be discussed are: the interrelations of population decline and aging in respect to urban planning, consequences of vacancies for private property, and the governance of urban restructuring (including demolition.