The legacy of Wilderness preservation is supported by the American public. Wilderness values deemed important to publics include recreation use values as well as non-use values. Protecting those values in light of pressures from increased population environmental change represents a significant challenge. In part this paper builds upon the effort to broaden discussions of environmental issues beyond a traditional biospheric focus, to incorporate other values imbedded in environmental concern. This paper examines benefits experienced by urban residents who visit urban-proximate wilderness areas. Such areas are under elevated threat from population-related direct and indirect impacts. One might assert their surrounding populations (urbanites) are likewise under increased threats from these same impacts and may glean unique benefits from the urban wilderness experience. Drawing from a set of studies conducted over more than a decade, benefits to the urban wilderness visitor are examined.