Water is a vital element for individuals. Nowadays, because of the degradation of its quality and the decrease in its quantity, this resource becomes a rare and invaluable food which needs to be restored and protected. In France, water is the second environmental concern after air. This increasing concern is mainly linked to the problems of water quality. In Brittany, region which encounters strong problems of pollution (particularly by nitrates and pesticides), water is a major concern, contrary to Paris and its suburbs where air is the priority. Consequently, according to the geographical, social, economic, cultural and ideological context, the perceptions, the representations and the relationships of people towards water will vary. And because of these representations are linked to practices, the use of water also will vary. Within the framework of an exploratory study, led by questionnaires in Brittany and Paris and its suburbs, we wondered about this relationship of people – water : how individuals perceive, evaluate and represent this resource according to their environment of life among other (i.e, urban vs. rural). 110 questionnaires were correctly filled and analysed (i.e., Brittany, n=74; Paris, n=36). The data collection was carried out using free words association tasks, scales of opinions and opened questions. The first data analyses were run using factorial analysis which allows to take into account the possible diversity of the standpoints towards water. The results show a representation of water very different according to the region of residence, quite obviously strongly associated to water pollution in Brittany and mainly related to the consumption in Paris and its suburbs. Furthermore, in Brittany, the responsibility of agriculture in this pollution is clearly highlighted while the responsibility of the households is minimized; these results are exaxtly reversed in Paris and its suburbs. Moreover, it appears that in urban environment water is more associated to a conceptualized resource than in rural environment where the relationship to water is more empiric. For urbans, the problem is not only mentioned at a local level but also at a global level. These results are interpreted regarding the conflicts and the stakes linked to water management, in particular in a polluted area. This survey is currently going on among different social groups (e.g., users, farmers, industrials, local authorities).