While recycling is a common research subject in environmental-responsible behavior studies, we know little about how contextual factors (such as physical, social, and cultural environments) influence people’s attitudes and behavior. Aiming at exploring the importance of contextual factors, this research used a mixedmethod qualitative approach. Forty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted within two groups of people: Americans who moved to Munich, and Germans who moved to New York City. Most interviews were conducted in their own residence; photos were taken both in their own apartments and in the building common areas in order to assess how garbage and recyclables were sorted, and to record available information or prompts in the physical spaces. While the study covered a range of research questions, this paper focused on people’s different orientations to recycling. As opposed to previous studies -- which tended to distinguish recyclers from non-recyclers -- the findings showed that these differentiations were usually dynamic and diversified. Not only the boundaries between recyclers and non-recyclers are not as definite, even within recyclers, there is also a wide spectrum of them. This study also discussed how relocation, along with the changes of contextual factors, could influence people’s environmental thoughts and behavior.