Demographic aging is the phenomenon which is accompanied by some other social processes. Some of them are associated with contemporary urban changes which have something in common with globalisation. Many residential environments undergo such processes which are viewed by seniors in different ways (not necessarily coherent). The attitudes of this particular social category towards such urban changes were the subject of research titled “The social capital of elderly people in various urban environments. The problems of adaptation of habitat and its infrastructure to the needs and activity demands of an aging population” (conducted by Prof. Adam Bartoszek, University of Silesia – director, Prof. El|bieta Niezabitowska, dr Beata Kucharczyk-Brus, dr Marek Niezabitowski – Silesian University of Technology). This was in turn carried out within the nation-wide project titled “Medical, psychological, sociological and economical aspects of aging in Poland” (Polsenior 2007-2010). Some opinions of elderly inhabitants of two researched residential environments to some extent correspond with the issue of urban change in globalisation times. These are the Superunit settlement in the centre of Katowice and Zatorze district in Gliwice. Both habitats belong to post-industrial region of Silesia (Southern Poland) which is rapidly stepping into information era. Such changes cause modification in spatial structure of towns and cities and create social polarisation and segregation. In the process of redefinition of space and place elderly inhabitants who are accustomed to the past are endangered by the loss of identity, sense of security and belonging. Their social world may then at least partially disappear. They notice some aspects of privatisation of space in their residential environment. Another factor that has a significant impact on their perception of their place of living and its surroundings is increasing mobility of people. Such is the reason for demographic aging of researched urban environments – especially the Superunit settlement in Katowice. Young generation move out, the older stay there. The world which is created or changed around seniors should be discussed with them as participants. Unfortunately, usually it is not the case. Mostly changes are not widely consulted – they are just put into practice. Weather elderly inhabitants try to influence or initiate some improvements was studied in our subproject of Polsenior 2007-2010. The implication of fast changes occurring in the towns of Silesia is that some districts can not live up to the expectations of information era and new economy. The same has to do with lifestyles. The question is: are the changes accepted by elderly inhabitants of impoverished districts? Do they think about living somewhere else? How they accustomed to the place if they did so? To address the issue of seniors’ adaptability to the changes and challenges it is worth knowing their social and cultural capital and some aspects of their activity. The relation of social characteristics and life orientations to the context of demographic aging of researched urban environments can help us to estimate in the future if elderly inhabitants have enough capital to cope with their problems and to be valuable for a local community. As regards to the potential change of the place of their living, physical efficiency is very important for their life quality – that is why care about it can be considered an element of cultural capital as well.