Open spaces are fast disappearing and consequently contact between people and nature is diminishing, thus contributing to current concern regarding human alienation from nature. In recent years public and governmental financing of parks and nature reserves steadily decreased, forcing local authorities and managing organizations to seek other sources of income, and start charging entry fees in sites that had been previously free of charge. Concerned that this policy may further widen the gap between people and nature, the Society for Preservation of Nature in Israel (SPNI) initiated a study of public and visitors’ attitudes to fees charged in nature sites in open spaces. Findings revealed strong opposition to charging fees in beaches and forests, and some support for charging at nature reservations (stronger support among visitors to the sites, interviewed as they were exiting the sites, than in the general public). Rrespondents justified charging fees for maintenance and educational activities but not for parking and entrance. The most frequently mentioned reasons against charging fees in open spaces were “These are asset that belong to all of us” (50% of the general public) and “The government should pay for maintenance, not us” (44% of visitors). Three methods of payment were presented to respondents in both samples: Payment per car, payment per person (including concessions to specific groups), and voluntary payment (currently not applied at all in Israel). While the general public sample divided evenly between methods (each one preferred by a third of the sample), site visitors showed clear preference to payment by car (45.5%). A statistically significant correlation was found between preference of the voluntary payment method and low level of support for payment in open spaces. In contrast, preference for the other two methods – the “sure payment” methods – was related to high support for charging fees in the sites. Finally, the research found that the public indeed sees charging fee in open spaces as an obstacle to visiting them: not only was the fee mentioned specifically as a deterring factor to making such visits, 73% of respondents attributed free entry in some sites to efforts to encourage visits to the parks made by park authorities.