Historically, environmental factors (natural elements) have always played a significant role in the development of cities and civilisations in their physical building units. Today, environmental factors (natural elements) are viewed from many different vantage points, namely their physiological and psychological influences and also the role they play in maintaining environmental sustainability. However, with increasing urbanization and modernization of cities around the world and unification in various political, economic and cultural aspects, the elimination of boundaries has led to the loss of unique identities and sense of place in public spaces. The proposed research is focused on the country of Iran where the formation of urban spaces has been influenced by mythical and ritual symbols, signs, concepts and images. In order to study the formation of public space in Iran, this research is focused on historical public spaces in established cities - leaving purpose built squares and plazas intentionally neglected. To highlight the canons of Iranian public spaces, a comparison will be made between Iranian public spaces with instances of such spaces in other countries worldwide.