Recently, environmental psychology research has focused on human-nature relationships; thereby the promising concept of connectedness with nature (CN) was investigated in detail. Empirical evidence suggests CN predicts conservation behaviour, psychological well-being, and leisure time preferences. Results from quantitative as well as qualitative studies show a preference for nature and natural settings, compared to built ones. CN is proposed as important predictor in leisure time behavior and human health, currently not being considered in research as well as in practise according to its importance. The aim of this presentation is first to show hitherto existing results from quantitative as well as qualitative studies on CN. All studies were carried out in Vienna, Austria and its surroundings. Participants were part of the general population aged between 16 and 84. Second, an outlook on ongoing qualitative research approaches will be given. In a first study, motives for being in nature, evaluation of environments and preferences for indoor or outdoor setting were investigated by using a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach (N=130). Participants´ motives for being in nature differed significantly according to the participants´ level of CN. While these low on CN sojourned in nature for utilitarian or social reasons, participants high on CN sojourned in nature for rather restorative Moreover, they were preferred and evaluated as more positive. As being outdoors is perceived and evaluated highly positive, being in nature contributes to individuals´ recreation and wellbeing, especially for those high on CN. CN is suggested as a relevant moderating factor in restoration. So far, these findings are in line with prior research, providing new insights into underlying mechanisms. However, some open questions remain. The discussion on the core of the construct CN is still controversial. “What are peoples´ inner images of nature? What do they associate and expect when being asked to think of nature?” These questions are topic of an ongoing qualitative study, dealing with the underlying construct of “nature” from the perspective of the research participant and participants associations with and expectations to this construct. In a questionnaire study, participants (N=80) were asked fundamental questions about nature itself, their cognitive and affective evaluations and motives for being in nature. These questions were generated based on prior quantitative and qualitative research. Answers will be coded independently to detect relevant categories. There are three categories being hypothesised – cognitive (thoughts and opinions concerning nature), affective (feelings concerning nature) and behavioural (activities in nature). A fourth category could consist of certain images of nature like “trees, mountains, grass, birds, animals “ etc. The discussion will focus on methods, results and implications for further research studies.