Gated communities are common types of housing estates found in many countries. They are based on strictly controlled access of people. Houses, and at times high-rise apartment blocks, are built behind a common wall along private internal streets. Both in Brazil and in Turkey these types of residential neighborhoods can be found mainly on the outskirts of large urban areas. In Brazil they are called “condomínio fechado” and attract mainly upper middle class families, although in Brazil construction companies have recently expanded the market for such housing solutions to lower middle classes. In Turkey, these new residential patterns cater to the upper middle and high income classes, which have been emerging in Istanbul since 1980. During the last three decades, especially in big cities, socio-cultural and urban identities have been undergoing radical transformation. Globalization, internationalization and the rapid flow of information, as is the case in most of the world, have played a significant role in changing the city and her people. The processes of economic and social change that occur in both countries, Brazil and Turkey, require continuous re-definitions of urbanization and associated housing problems in the light of these changes. With this in mind, it is important to focus on similarities and differences found in these newly formed urban areas in São Paulo and Istanbul. This paper investigates the reasons for the increase of such residential areas, in relation to the two countries urban problems. In Brazil the dominant reason for the proliferation of gated communities, found in the literature and in advertisement of such estates, is security, in view of the countries high crime rates. Thus families feel vulnerable in the public urban environment and seek a sense of security behind the walls of such gated communities. In Turkey the main reason for a family to choose to live in such residential areas is status. Middle-income groups are more sensitive about a well-kept, clean and comfortable environments, the lifestyle in their housing complex, and the presence of activity areas. On the other hand, high income groups are more sensitive about status and privacy, or the feeling of belonging to a special place, thus separating oneself from the rest. Although Brazil and Turkey have very different cultural backgrounds, in both countries gated communities are increasingly popular. The attraction of such so called communities must therefore be analyzed. Are people more vulnerable in large mega-cities? Do families perceive specific risks? Are satisfaction rates high in such neighborhoods? Are expectations delivered and is the permanence of families a measure of the quality of life in gated communities. Also, the impact on urban prospects as a whole must be discussed. Sociocultural and psychological concepts such as territoriality, security, privacy, attachment to place, which can be represented by a pattern of behavior of an individual or group, as based on control of space, will also be analyzed in the paper. Exploring the reasons for preferences for gated communities, the feeling of belonging to a special place, fear of crime and a sense security seem to be the most significant parameters in decision making. Based on interviews with residents from selected different types of gated communities, as a research method, the purpose of the study presented in this paper is to conduct a comparative analysis of this data and discuss the notion of fear of crime and the quest for living in a special place in the context of other motivations for living in gated community in two distinct places.