Attachment and identity are the two links most studied in the recent decades, which leaded to numerous definitions and theoretical positions on the relationship between each other. Increasingly more authors, who agreed on the distinction between attachment and identity, have dedicated their studies to test such differences (Chow and Healey, 2008, Devine-Wright, 2009; Hernandez, Hidalgo, Salazar-Laplace and Hess, 2007; Lewicka , 2008; Rollero and De Piccoli, 2010). A line of research that aims at extending the scope of these investigations is concerned with the comparison of place attachment and place identity in territories where the motivation of residents to establish themselves differs. In this study we present the hypothesis that in territories such as Israel, non-native speakers quickly develop an identity with place, whereas in other places such as Tenerife, place identity takes longer to develop. In order to test this claim, a questionnaire containing scales of attachment and identity with the city (Hidalgo and Hernandez, 2001) was administered to a sample of 493 participants - 219 residing in Tenerife, and 274 in Israel. From participants of Tenerife, 121 were natives and 98 non-natives, while in Israel, 171 were natives and 103 non-natives. In order to compare the means in both variables, we calculated the averages in each scale for each subject, and their scores were considered as standardized z-scores. A MANOVA analysis was performed with the standardized scores as dependent variables and two factors: place of residence (Tenerife or Israel), and origin (native or not native).Results indicated a significant interaction of site X origin for attachment and identity with the city. For the non-natives, no significant differences in attachment were found between Tenerife and Israel. However, differences in identity were observed for this group, where the non-natives from Israel scored higher. Moreover, the mean scores obtained for both links in the group of natives were higher in Israel than in Tenerife. Regardless of whether participants are native or not, mean scores for place attachment in Tenerife were higher than those for place identity. In contrast to this, mean scores in place identity in Israel were higher than those of place attachment.An explanation for these findings might be that while people who move to Israel already have an attraction to the territory, non-natives who displace themselves to Tenerife are usually more motivated by economic reasons than by their attraction to place. We discuss these and other results in light of their contribution to the clarification of differences between place attachment and place identity, and their possible consequences for adaptation and integration to place.