This paper draws on empirical research conducted with people in an urban-residing Aboriginal community in Brisbane, Australia from 2006-2011. The work explores the cultural and social attachments of a several related families from a Brisbane public housing suburb, who nevertheless have ‘home country’ attachment and identification with places in remote Cape York Peninsula, in north Queensland, some 2000km distant. The paper discusses the ways in which these attachments and identifications to place have been formed, mostly in the past 25 years in the post-mission era. Prior to this, and for most of the 20th Century, Aboriginal people’s movements, attachment and identification to place were severely restricted by governmental policies of missionisation and the removal of children from their parents and places of origin. I analyse how contemporary attachments to home countries, which pre-date these colonial and post-colonial interventions, fit into the context of an Indigenous tradition. These topics of analysis are particularly relevant given recent writings that have highlighted the ‘performance’ of Aboriginal culture and white performances of reconciliation and guilt in suburban Sydney (Cowlishaw 2009). Additionally the Australian populist media seems to continue to require that Aboriginality originate from remote ‘authentic’ locations and an individual’s physical features of ‘blackness’, rather than family, group and individual affiliations to particular place-based cultures.I examine how urban Aboriginal residents maintain their attachment and identification with place-based groups, given the vast distances and differences in place that are involved, and how these lead to a maintenance of culture in the eyes of those undertaking these activities. In an era of increasingly urbanised Aboriginal populations, this paper provides an analysis of the sustaining attachments and reconnections and identification with places and traditional culture for urban-living Aboriginal people.